If we want to say what technology is or will completely change the way people live, work and play in the future, it must be the Internet of Things. From wearable products to cars, factories and buildings, the Internet of Things enables all devices to be interconnected and intelligent. The Internet of Things is also changing the pattern of the industry. The decline of traditional Japanese electronics giants such as Sony, Sharp and Toshiba is in sharp contrast to the rise of technology giants such as Apple, Google and Amazon.
Today, the entire industry chain of the Internet of Things, from chips, sensors, wireless modules, network operations to platform services, software development and smart devices, is dominated by players from all walks of life, including traditional real estate giants, new and expensive Internet revolutions, and also attracts a lot of capital. Everyone is always concerned about the development of the global trend of the Internet of Things. Maybe the next outlet is right beside you. Here are the top ten trends we have seen in the Internet of Things in 2017. Have you noticed them?
1. Forget the "Standard War of Network Connection"
The Internet of Things industry is bothered by the lack of a universal network connection standard. There are endless unintelligible connection protocols such as cellular network, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee, Sigfox, Wirepas and so on. However, in a software-driven world, we will not have to panic at all because of "interoperability". Sex is the future of network connectivity standards.
In the past, we used to standardize network connection protocols, because the functions of chips used to be set to death, but now all functions except cellular networks are implemented by software. Each standard has its own advantages, such as data transmission rate, battery life or network coverage. With the support of software, any connection standard can be interoperable and work together.
II. Nanoprinting Technology
One day in the future, we will stop using ink printing and replace it with printing Electronics Technology in the Internet of Things era. ThinFilm, a Norwegian technology company, is producing printed electronic tags or packaging that can store, sense, display and communicate wirelessly, so that tagged products have Internet of ThinFilm attributes. Its SpeedTap tag, which connects to the cloud, has been used on personal passports to prevent forgery of documents and to track and protect parcels.
3. More Suitable for Emerging Cities
Compared with the old cities with complete infrastructure, the emerging cities with insufficient infrastructure may be more suitable to meet the arrival of the era of the Internet of Things. Because every new component in emerging cities can be designed based on the Internet of Things before it is put into use. Whether it is buses, traffic lights, street lights, billboards and so on, direct embedding is always more efficient than later adding. WhereIsMyTransport, a South African startup, is trying to change public transport in Africa by collecting all formal or informal modes of transport and routes in emerging cities to provide users with the best travel options to reach a destination.
IV. The Internet of Things does not focus on "things"
Software, not hardware, dominates the development of the Internet of Things. Things in the Internet of Things are isolated, and software engineers are always buried in coding, not good at collecting data and interacting with devices. Raspberry Pi's Internet of Things Starter Kit will enable its hot-selling minicomputers to function as cellular networks and log into its Internet of Things data service center. Recently, they just launched Compute Module 3 to support the design of industrial robots.
V. Satellite Internet of Things
How to realize the long-distance and large-area network in the Internet of Things project is a topic that everyone talks about, but don't underestimate the role of the new broadband satellite. The European Space Agency (ESA) is actively encouraging Internet of Things developers to use ARTES satellites, which include tracking a wearable device, a bicycle ride application that can reward users based on the distance they ride, and a project to test the extent of building subsidence in earthquake areas.
SpaceX of Eromask has launched 70 satellites for Iridium, adding them to its original 66, creating a second-generation Iridium satellite system that allows airplanes or ships to have 1.4 MB/sec broadband transmission speed so that any corner of the world can be tracked.
Six, self driving cars may destroy smart cities.
Internet of Things (IOT) players like to talk about "urban travel", according to a report by MIT, the University of Lisbon and the University of Stuttgart, cities in the future can use 80% fewer vehicles to deliver every citizen to their destination than they currently do. But the premise is that all cars can be scheduled in terms of speed and safety. In fact, self-driving may make traffic more congested, because people always want to let their own self-driving cars go outside to make money for them, so many cars parked in the garage suddenly flock to the streets, causing urban congestion.
7G and 5G are coming
Ultra-high-speed Internet is coming out soon. Glenn Laxdal, Ericsson's head of North American strategy, said 5G would enter the market in 2018. All manufacturers are eager to try it out, and 5G may come out earlier than we expected. However, 5G may not be as fast as it describes. Initial test data show that its wireless speed can reach 144bps, 3MS delay. But in a recent commercial customer test conducted by Intel, Ericsson and AT&T, millimeter-wave technology was used on an unauthorized spectrum up to 1 Gbps.
8. Smart City and Smart Transport
London is building its own Internet of Things network. By the end of 2016, the city announced that it would build the city's largest low-power wide area network (LoRaWAN), consisting of 50 base stations, for trial use by technology start-ups in London. The real purpose of this project is to make smart traffic, collect traffic congestion and pedestrian walking data through sensors all over the city, including sensors installed on bicycles, to develop the safest way for pedestrians and cyclists to travel in London. At the same time, temperature, air quality and humidity data will be collected to help asthmatics. Other data include wind speed to help express UAVs choose the most efficient route.
9. The Internet of Things to Liberate Both Hands
Sound will be widely used in the Internet of Things to promote human-computer interaction. For example, you can use Amazon's Alxa voice-controlled robot at home. In the future, Amazon hopes to be able to embed it in all kinds of household appliances, so that you can receive voice instructions in every corner of your home. In broader environments, Google assistants and Microsoft Corana can be used. For example, the voice control interface can be used in machinery or equipment maintenance workers'wearing equipment, or can be deployed in automobiles. Nissan and BMW have demonstrated their new models using this technology on CES 2017. In short, all this will free our hands for our future life.
10. Spectrum congestion
The Internet of Things (IOT) is developing rapidly, but with more and more interconnected devices using the network, the contradiction between limited spectrum resources and soaring demand is becoming increasingly prominent. We have to find ways to share spectrum rather than compete for it. In the future, scarcity is no longer necessarily inherent in the spectrum, and the spectrum revolution can change all this. Dynamic spectrum management (DSM) can realize dynamic spectrum sharing and improve the utilization of spectrum resources.